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This means: elements which are not detectable with the spectrographic method used in the western world, but are detected with the corresponding method used in Russia (involving long burn times).
It is also referred to as ORME, which stands for Orbitally Re-arranged Monoatomic Elements, or as m-state matter. ORME was the original term chosen by David Hudson, who first published descriptions of this matter. But in October 1997, about 70 of his adherents agreed by consensus to use the term ormus, as diatomic configurations were regarded as probable as monatomic. This also led to a reinterpretation of m-state: Instead of the common interpretation monatomic, it was suggested that the "m" could also stand for "microcluster", "manna", or even "magic".
The ormus variety of the elements may be referred to as m-gold, m-rhodium, etc..
The ormus concept is not generally acknowledged by physicists (as they tend to disregard the discrepancy between western and Russian analysis methods), but David Hudson has obtained patents on some ormus-related processes.
In the mid-seventies, David Hudson, a cotton farmer in Phoenix, Arizona, submitted a soil sample for analysis, and was told it contained iron, silica and aluminum. Certain soil properties didn't agree with this analysis result:
It yielded salts which, if dried in sunlight, exploded with an immense flash, but without the mechanical forces of a normal explosion
When melted with lead, it sank to the bottom, like precious metals would. But it could, unlike precious metals, be shattered like glass
So Hudson had the iron, silica and aluminum removed and resubmitted the remaining 98% for analysis. He was told by the Cornell University Ph.D. that nothing could be detected. Other tests were tried: x-ray diffraction, x-ray fluorescence, scanning tunneling microscopy, atomic absorption analysis, emission spectroscopy and even neutron activation. Still nothing could be detected. Hence the characterization un-assayable for this strange material.
The main analysis method was DC arc emission spectroscopy: The sample was placed on an arc electrode, and the arc would burn for 15 seconds, which was generally regarded as sufficient for burning up anything, so that its spectrum could be studied and the components of the sample identified. When the mysterious grey crystalline powder refused to glow, Hudson hired an analysis specialist to use the method prescribed by the Soviet Academy of Sciences: Burn the sample for 300 seconds instead of the normal 15. After having burned for 90 seconds, some precious metals started showing their spectrums, in the sequence of their boiling points: palladium after 90 seconds, platinum after 110, rhodium after 140-150, iridium after 190, and finally osmium after 220.
In another experiment, the soil sample was burnt for 65 seconds, and the remaining powder sent to the sophisticated neutron activation analysis. No precious metals were detected. Hudson then paid four chemists to work for seven years, and finally they developed a qualitative and quantitative element separation procedure. Sometimes the precious metals were known to be combined with chlorine, and when this was analyzed, only chlorine was detected. This was very confusing, as chlorine shouldn't be a powder, but a gas.
Various other strange properties were discovered:
When a precious metal is converted to this white powder (ormus) form, it loses 56% of its weight
The powder seemed to have rapidly varying weight, evidently influenced by weak magnetic fields as if a Meissner effect were manifest, suggestive of superconduction at room temperature (Conflicting with the state of art of physics, which barely knows about superconduction at liquid nitrogen temperature: -196 °C.)
At least 5% of an animal's brain consists of ormus (rhodium and iridium) 
The powder had remarkable healing powers when tested on animals
It looked and behaved like the white powdered gold described in an old alchemy text
In fuel cells needing rhodium as a catalyst, ormus (delivered by Hudson, who claimed it was rhodium ormus) was tried instead, and it worked - even though the manufacturer was unable to detect rhodium in this powder. But after the fuel cells had been used and tested for three weeks, they were found to have ordinary rhodium.
Hudson also reported various health benefits
David Hudson - who spent more than five million dollars on ormus research - found these amounts of precious metals in one ton soil, using spectroscopic analysis:
The same amounts were later separated, through analytical chemistry.
The best conventional deposit of these platinum group minerals is in the deep mines of South Africa, with 1/3 of one ounce, or about 10 grams, per ton.
The weighting of ormus gave so fluctuating values that physicists who heard of this, only could make sense of the behavior by comparing it to how the Meissner effect disturbed the weighting of a superconducting material. This consequence of the Meissner effect could be described as follows: Any magnetic field lines going through the superconducting material will be locked in place relative to the material. This may cause a light material to move around quite erratically if the external magnetic field changes - even if only the normal geomagnetism is present. But this remarkable effect is only manifest in S-ormus, the strongest variety.
The lack of both chemical reactivity and spectral lines (which is caused by electrons jumping between energy levels) pointed in the same direction: No valence electrons were available - not even the moderate reactivity of the noble gases. This indicated that the electrons were tied up in Cooper pairs, and the lacking reactivity would cause the material to be monatomic - also denoted as m-state. This would be true if its atomic number is even, but if it is an odd number, two atoms would have to cooperate for a full pairing to occur, and the material would be diatomic. At the same time, the atoms were in a high-spin state, with the electrons closer to the nucleus. The degree of Cooper pairing can vary, and be complete only in S-ormus.
Whether or not ormus materials can be used as a practical high temperature superconductor, depends on if this fluffy powder can be turned into something like a solid wire or rod, in which currents can go useful distances.
When ormus powder is heated - to 1160 °C for gold - it changes into a glass-like form, and this can be shattered like glass.
The specific weights of the ormus powders are about 2.5 - approximately 8 times less dense than the ordinary compact metallic forms.
In this table of naturally occurring transition elements, the known ormus elements are in bold: (Point to see full names)
Hudson patented the production of the first 11, but not Hg - mercury.
The rabbi in Phoenix, Arizona, told Hudson: "Oh yes, we know of the white powder of gold, the Hebrews do, but to our knowledge no one's known how to make it since the destruction of the first temple." It is commonly believed among ormus adherents that the manna of Exodus was ormus. This is rather speculative, but when it comes to the golden calf in the same story, it is consistent with ormus teachings to suggest that Moses, the carrier of considerable Egyptian knowledge, could make the golden calf not only edible, but a valuable dietary supplement for the needed religious ascension, by converting it to m-gold.
There are various methods for extracting ormus from natural sources. Sea salt is an important source. The magnetic trap is a device which collects something believed to be ormus from water. It works by letting water run past a magnet in such a way that the ormus component, seemingly due to the Meissner effect, is blocked and collected from the flow. The ormus water component isolated in this way has an oily feeling characteristic of rhodium ormus.
Ormus materials have also been detected in various foods.
Two of the ormuses seem to be particularly valuable for the human body:
Aloe Vera is an important source for these two. Acemannan is extracted from this plant, and contains 90% m-rhodium according to an analysis by Hudson. Also m-gold (often referred to as White Gold) and other ormus variants are popular, and consequently marketed by several sources. They are regarded as valuable aids for the spiritual development by many practioners of spiritual alchemy, yoga, meditation etc..
There is considerable experience with treating sick animals by means of ormus, but these treatments are not accepted for humans by the health authorities.
Ormus is not yet a branch of the physical sciences. But it can't be labelled as a pseudoscience, as it is defined in terms of conventional physical tests. The problem is that the test procedure involves a combination of Russian and western spectroscopical practices, and hence becomes a subject to cultural fragmentation and prejudices. The topic can also be regarded as a practical technique, having been pioneered by a farmer who needed the knowledge to understand what was going on in his soil, and in the ores he assayed for precious metals. He had spent more than five million dollars on analytical investigations, but scientists would no doubt want him to raise additional funds for having the scientists write up reports for scientific journals. His own reports are unconventional: He told about his findings in 25 presentations - in US cities plus Vancouver. Transcripts and/or video recordings exist from several of these presentations, so it may be phrased this way: The project manager has dictated research reports. As proper research (including independent verification) hasn't begun yet, the science aspect of ormus should be regarded as a protoscience.
^ S. I. Ginzburg et al, "Analytical Chemistry of the Platinum Metals"?, Transl. W. Kaner, ed. P. Shelnitz, New York, 1975
SubtleEnergies is the main portal for ormus information
The Hudson Presentations is the most authoritative source, but repetitive and disorganized